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Tutorial 151 | Syncing lines between two charts using the Global Dictionary

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Tutorial 151 demonstrates how to create TradeStation EasyLanguage programs to ‘sync’ lines between two charts using the Global Dictionary. The technique could be useful, for example, if you were using a program that was protected (i.e. you cannot see the code or modify it) that produced drawing objects on a chart. You might wish to replicate those drawing objects on another chart.

Tutorial 151 shows a way of doing this with horizontal lines drawn by an example program (included in the download).

Programs applied to the ‘sending chart’
_Tutorial151-DrawLines Generates horizontal lines, somewhat randomly and modifies their colors, styles and weights
_Tutorial151-ScrapeDrawingObjectData Analyzes the chart and stores the horizontal lines and their attributes in a Global Dictionary
Program applied to the receiving chart
_Tutorial151-ReadDictionary Reads the Global Dictionary and draws the lines and their attributes on the ‘receiving’ chart. Adds additional horizontal lines if they are drawn on the sending chart.

Tutorial program overviews

_Tutorial151-ScrapeDrawingObjectData inputs

When first applied to a chart _Tutorial151-ScrapeDrawingObjectData inputs stores all horizontal lines (either created by a program or drawn by a user) into a Global Dictionary. For each line the following information is stored:

  • The price level
  • The color (infact the A (alpha), R (red), G (green), and B (blue) values are stores seperately
  • The style of the line
  • The weight of the line

These values are first added to a vector and then the vector is stored in the Global Dictionary.

The program monitors the chart using a timer. Each time a Timer events fires the program checks to see if any new lines have been added. If so those lines are added to the Global Dictionary.

If horizontal lines have been deleted the program throws a recalculate exception so that all the lines are reanalyzed and stored in the dictionary.

_Tutorial151-ReadDictionary

Adding a horizontal line using the drawing tool

_Tutorial151-ReadDictionary is applied to the ‘receiving’ chart (i.e. the chart that you want the lines to be replicated from the sending chart.  The program reads the global dictionary when it is first applied and draws the horizontal lines on the chart (matching their price, color, weight, and style attributes).

This program uses the Global Dictionary item added update event. When this is fired because one or more lines have been added to the chart, it draws the new lines on the receiving chart.

In the event that a line is deleted on the sending chart, the sending chart re-initializes and all the lines are added to the Global Dictionary again. When this occurs the receiving chart deletes all the horizontal lines on the chart and then re-draw all the lines.

_Tutorial151-ScrapeDrawingObjectData inputs

int iInterval1( 50000 ), // Interval for the timer
string ShareRef( “Send1” ); // Unique name to differentiate the Global Dictionary

_Tutorial151-ReadDictionary

string ShareRef( “Send1” ); // Unique name to differentiate the Global Dictionary

[fancy_box]The ShareRef input must be the same string for the sending and receiving charts for them to be able to share data.[/fancy_box]

Detecting when a horizontal line is added in the sending program

Tutorial 151 uses a timer event to continuously check the chart every so many milli-seconds (the user input  iInterval1 in _Tutorial151-ScrapeDrawingObjectData.

With horizontal lines drawn using the drawing tools, the charting host could have been used to detect when a line was added to the chart. Unfortunately this would not work for lines added programmatically after the sending program was first applied to the chart.

These programs have various  limitations by design in order to make them easier to understand. The following are some of the limitations:
  • The tutorial programs only recognize horizontal line drawing objects (as opposed to vertical lines, trendlines etc)
  • They do not recognize legacy drawing objects (lines produced by TL_New(… syntax)
  • They do not take account of when a horizontal line is moved on the sending chart (with the exception of if it is applied and moved before the timer elapsed event occurs)
  • When lines are deleted on the sending chart and remain deleted when the timer event fires the sender program throws a recalculate exception. This is not the most elegant solution and would effect other programs applied to the ‘sending’ chart, however it is a simple solution.
  • When a line is applied to the chart its details are added to the Global Dictionary when the Timer event fires. If the line is subsequently deleted and a new line added before the Timer event fires again, the program does not recognize the deletion and addition. This is not a problem when the timer interval is set sufficiently low.

For Gold Pass members

The following section contains the code for _Tutorial151-Drawlines, the program that draws the randomly positioned, colored, styled and weighted lines:

This content is for members only.

 

Programming lessons and examples included in tutorial 151:
  • Using the global dictionary and vectors
  • Storing a vector in a global dictionary
  • Using the global dictionary item added update event
  • Using a timer object
  • Getting price, color, style and weight attributes from a horizontal line
  • Processing colors
  • Drawing horizontal lines and applying price, color, style and weight attributes
  • Using methods to simplify code

The three programs described in this tutorial (_Tutorial151-DrawLines,  _Tutorial151-ScrapeDrawingObjectData, _Tutorial151-ReadDictionary) are available for immediate download for $44.95. The download is a TradeStation ELD file that includes the unprotected and commented program. This program will not work in MultiCharts because it uses the TradeStation collections and other functionality that is not available in the MultiCharts environment.

Part 1 | Summary of tutorial 151 and description of _Tutorial151-Drawlines

Part 2 | Description of _Tutorial151-ScrapeDrawingObjectData

Part 3 | Description of _Tutorial151-ReadDictionary


Please email if you find any bugs, notice any errors, or have questions about the tutorial.

THESE INDICATORS, SHOW ME STUDIES, STRATEGIES AND OTHER PROGRAMS HAVE BEEN INCLUDED SOLELY FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES.

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